Basketball players, parents, coaches, and scouts are all aware of the devastating effects of serious knee injuries and how they can quickly change a once bright future in this sport. Non-traumatic knee injuries are second only to ankle injuries as the most prevalent injuries among basketball players. High profile NBA stars like Greg Oden and Derrick Rose have been examples of how seriously these injuries can affect a prosperous career.
Implications of Knee Injuries for Basketball Players
Research has shown that knee injuries account for upwards of 66% of missed basketball games.
Magnetic Resonanace Imaging (MRI) has shown that basketball players without knee pain have a higher prevalence of bone marrow edema, articular cartilage abnormality, patellar tendinopathy, and joint effusion in their knees. This may predispose these athletes to a higher risk of knee pain than other athletes.
33% of NBA players undergoing microfracture surgery do not return to play in the NBA. Of the players that do return, their points scored and minutes played are reduced.
Approximately 22% of players having ACL reconstruction did not return to the NBA.
Professional basketball players with a history of knee injury demonstrate significant lower limb asymmetries in explosive strength.
How to Prevent Non-Traumatic Knee Injuries
Research shows that these non-contact knee injuries can be prevented through neuromuscular re-education and training corrections.
Get screened by a trained health professional for movement dysfunction
Strength train appropriately
Utilize an efficient warmup
Receive regular performance care during the season and off-season
For further information about this topic or to inquire about movement screening for athletes contact Dr. Trevor Vander Doelen, DC through the home page of this website or at his various clinical locations in the Greater Toronto Area.
Busfield BT, Kharrazi FD, Starkey C, Lombardo SJ, & Seegmiller J. (2009). Performance outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the national basketball association. Arthroscopy, 25(8), 825-830.
Cerynik DL, Lewullis GE, Joves BC, Palmer MP, & Tom JA. (2009). Outcomes of microfracture in professional basketball players. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 17(9), 1135-1139.
Junior, L. C. H., & Kamper, S. J. (2015). Prevention of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: PEDro synthesis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(2), 133-134.
Koga H, Nakamae A, Shima Y, Iwasa J, Myklebust G, Engebretsen L, et al. (2010). Mechanisms for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: Knee joint kinematics in 10 injury situations from female team handball and basketball. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(11), 2218-2225.
LaBella CR, Huxford MR, Grissom J, Kim KY, Peng J, & Christoffel KK. (2011). Effect of neuromuscular warm-up on injuries in female soccer and basketball athletes in urban public high schools: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 165(11), 1033-1040.
Louw Q, Grimmer K, & Vaughan C. (2006). Knee movement patterns of injured and uninjured adolescent basketball players when landing from a jump: A case-control study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 7, 22.
Major NM, & Helms CA. (2002). MR imaging of the knee: Findings in asymptomatic collegiate basketball players. AJR.American Journal of Roentgenology, 179(3), 641-644.
Malanga GA, & Chimes GP. (2006). Rehabilitation of basketball injuries. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 17(3), 565-587.
McLean SG, Walker K, Ford KR, Myer GD, Hewett TE, & van den Bogert AJ. (2005). Evaluation of a two dimensional analysis method as a screening and evaluation tool for anterior cruciate ligament injury. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(6), 355-362.
Myers CA, & Hawkins D. (2010). Alterations to movement mechanics can greatly reduce anterior cruciate ligament loading without reducing performance. Journal of Biomechanics, 43(14), 2657-2664.
Schiltz M, Lehance C, Maquet D, Bury T, Crielaard JM, & Croisier JL. (2009). Explosive strength imbalances in professional basketball players. Journal of Athletic Training, 44(1), 39-47.
Yeh PC, Starkey C, Lombardo S, Vitti G, & Kharrazi FD. (2012). Epidemiology of isolated meniscal injury and its effect on performance in athletes from the national basketball association. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(3), 589-594.